- City Guide - Yellowknife
Welcome to Yellowknife – the diamond capital of North America!
Yellowknife is the capital and largest city of the Northwest Territories (NWT), and has a population just shy of 20,000 people. It is located on the northern shore of Great Slave Lake, on the west side of Yellowknife Bay near the outlet of the Yellowknife River.
Yellowknife and its surrounding water bodies were named after a local Dene tribe once known as the 'Copper Indians' or 'Yellowknife Indians' who traded tools made from copper deposits near the Arctic Coast. Yellowknife was settled in 1935, and became the capital of the Northwest Territories in 1967. Between 1939 and 1953 Yellowknife was controlled by the Northern Affairs Department of the Government of Canada, and by 1953 Yellowknife became its own municipality, with its own council and town hall.
Since Yellowknife is the largest city in the Northwest Territories it is the hub for mining, transportation, communications, health, tourism, and commerce, to name a few. Historically, Yellowknife's economic growth came but due to falling gold prices and increased operating costs the last gold mine was closed in 2004. Present day Yellowknife is primarily a government town, and a service centre for the diamond mines.
Yellowknife is known for its outdoor recreation, midnight sun, aurora borealis and an unusual blend of northern culture. You can swoon under the shimmering Northern Lights, soak up the historic charm, enjoy wildlife encounters, and experience vibrant aboriginal cultural.